Κυριακή, 10 Απριλίου 2016

Ο Αγωγός White Stream και ο Πόλεμος Ρωσίας-Γεωργίας το 2008

Το 2005 η Ουκρανία παρουσίασε στην ΕΕ το σχέδιο για τον αγωγό White Stream (Αζερμπαϊτζάν-Γεωργία-Ουκρανία-Ρουμανία), που σε πρώτη φάση θα μετέφερε 10 δις κυβικά μέτρα Αζέρικου αερίου στην Κριμαία (Ουκρανία) και στην Κοστάντζα (Ρουμανία), μέσω της Μαύρης Θάλασσας. Τον Μάιο του 2008 η ΕΕ συμπεριέλαβε το έργο στα αποκαλούμενα “Projects of Common Interest”. (βλέπε 2η παράγραφο Wikipedia και χάρτη 1).


Τον Αύγουστο του 2008 η Ρωσία χτύπησε την Γεωργία, που επί Σοβιετικής Ένωσης ήταν αποικία της Ρωσίας, βοήθησε την Αμπχαζία και τη Νότια Οσσετία να αποσχιστούν από την Γεωργία, και το σχέδιο δεν προχώρησε ποτέ. Βλέπε εικόνα 2.

Άρθρα

“White Stream”
2η Παράγραφος
For the first time the White Stream idea was presented by Ukrainian officials in 2005. In 2006–2007, the project was discussed at different international conferences. In May 2007, it was presented at the Vienna gas forum, and on 11 October 2007, it was presented during the summit-level Energy Security Conference in Vilnius.[1] On 28 January 2008, Prime Minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko asked the European Union to consider participating in White Stream project.[2] On 28 May 2008, the European Commission identified the project as 'Project of Common Interest' and further flagged as a 'Priority Project' (Commission Decision C(2008) 1969 final of 28 May 2008).[3] The Government of Georgia signed a Memorandum of Understanding with White Stream in March 2009.[4]
5η Παράγραφος
The pipeline would branch off from the South Caucasus Pipeline near Tbilisi and run for 133 kilometres (83 mi) via Georgia to Supsa at the Black Sea. From Supsa there are two possible offshore routes. The direct route from Supsa to Constanţa in Romania is 1,105 kilometres (687 mi) long. In this case, the long connection toCrimea would be built at the later stage.[3] Another option is that the pipeline would run to Constanţa through Crimea.[7][8] A 630 kilometres (390 mi) long offshore pipeline would make landfall near Feodosiya.[7] From there, a 215 kilometres (134 mi) long onshore pipeline would cross the Crimea and a 395 kilometres (245 mi) long offshore pipeline would continue to Romania.[9] In Ukraine the pipeline was to be linked to Ukraine's transit system by 200 kilometres (120 mi) long onshore branch. It would allow to diversify supplies for Poland, Lithuania, and Slovakia.[7]

“Russia-Georgian War”
1η Παράγραφος
The Russo-Georgian War was an armed conflict between GeorgiaRussia, and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.[note 3] The war took place in August 2008 following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, both formerly constituent republics of the Soviet Union. The fighting took place in the strategically important Transcaucasia region, which borders the Middle East. It was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century.[27]

“Trans-Black sea pipeline can bring Caspian gas to Europe”, Δεκέμβριος 2006
2η Παράγραφος
The GUEU line is projected to carry 8 billion cubic meters of gas annually in the first phase from Azerbaijan’s giant Shah Deniz offshore field. With at least 1 trillion cubic meters in estimated reserves, Shah Deniz has ample potential for supporting more than the existing Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum pipeline (BTE) and the planned Turkey-Austria (Nabucco) line. The GUEU pipeline targets Poland via the Black Sea and Ukraine with a relatively modest first-phase volume. Thus, the project in no sense competes with BTE or Nabucco for upstream resources or downstream markets. The GUEU projects offers an additional, necessary outlet for Caspian gas.

Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια:

Δημοσίευση σχολίου